LYME DISEASE TOOLKIT – Royal College of General Practitioners


Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi. It occurs worldwide, is increasing in incidence and is the most common vector-borne disease in the northern hemisphere. Whilst early recognition and treatment lead to resolution of the illness for many patients, late or missed diagnosis may result in persistent, debilitating symptoms.

Although Lyme disease symptoms may often be non-specific and difficult to recognise, heightened awareness amongst primary care clinicians will increase the likelihood of patients receiving early and effective treatment. Clinicians should be aware of the genuine scientific uncertainties and on-going research in relation to both diagnosis and treatment of this disease. 

This toolkit is a user-friendly guide to Lyme disease for general practitioners and other health care professionals. Patients and the general public may also find it helpful.