Metagenomic 16S rRNA gene sequencing survey of Borrelia species in Irish samples of Ixodes ricinus ticks 

John S. Lambert , Michael John Cook, John Eoin Healy, Ross Murtagh, Gordana Avramovic, Sin Hang Lee

Molecular survey of neglected bacterial pathogens reveals an abundant diversity of species and genotypes in ticks collected from animal hosts across Romania.

Andersson MO, Tolf C, Tamba P, Stefanache M, Radbea G, Frangoulidis D, Tomaso H, Waldenström J, Dobler G, Chitimia-Dobler L


Hyperparasitism and Non-Nidicolous Mating by Male Ixodes angustus Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) 


Surveillance of British ticks: An overview of species records, host associations, and new records of Ixodes ricinusdistribution 

Benjamin Cull, Maaike E. Pietzsch, Kayleigh M. Hansford, Emma L. Gillingham, Jolyon M. Medlock


Prevalence and distribution of Borrelia and Babesia species in ticks feeding 

on dogs in the U.K. 

Abdullah S, Helps C, Tasker S, Newbury H, Wall R


Prevalence of ticks and tick-borne pathogens: Babesia and Borrelia species in ticks infesting cats of Great Britain 

Davies S, Abdullah S, Helps C, Tasker S, Newbury H, Wall R.


Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia miyamotoi in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks from four sites in the UK.

Layzell SJ, Bailey D, Peacey M, Nuttall PA.


Transmission of Borrelia miyamotoi sensu lato relapsing fever group spirochetes in relation to duration of attachment by Ixodes scapularis nymphs

Nicole E.Breuner, Marc C.Dolan, Adam J.Replogle. ChristopherSexton, AndriasHojgaard, Karen A.Boegler, Rebecca J.Clark, LarsEisen.


 Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, and Toxoplasma gondii in Ixodes ricinus (Acari, Ixodida) ticks collected from Slowinski National Park (Northern Poland) 

Marek Asman, Magdalena Nowak-Chmura, Krzysztof Solarz, Ewa Szilman, Magdalena Semla and Bartłomiej Zyśk


Lyme borreliae prevalence and genospecies distribution in ticks removed from humans.  

Waindok P, Schicht S, Fingerle V, Strube C


Effects of conservation management of landscapes and vertebrate communities on Lyme borreliosis risk in the United Kingdom. 

Millins C, Gilbert L, Medlock J, Hansford K, Thompson DB, Biek R


Use of Mass-Participation Outdoor Events to Assess Human Exposure to Tickborne Pathogens

Jessica L. Hall, Kathrin Alpers, Kevin J. Bown, Stephen J. Martin, and Richard J. Birtles


Ticks and Tick-borne

Annetta Zintl Sara Moutailler, Peter Stuart, Linda Paredis, Justine Dutraive, Estelle Gonzalez, Jack O’Connor, Elodie DevillersBarbara GoodColm OMuireagainTheo De WaalFergal Morris and Jeremy Gray



 Mohanad .F.A.Al-Amura and Moaed .H.Almyahii


Presence of zoonotic agents in engorged ticks and hedgehog faeces fromErinaceus europaeus in (sub) urban areas  

Aleksandra I Krawczyk, Arieke Docters van Leeuwen, Wilma Jacobs-Reitsma, Lucas M Wijnands, El Bouw,Setareh Jahfari, Angela H A M van Hoek, Joke W B van der Giessen, Jeroen H Roelfsema, Michiel Kroes, Jenny Kleve, Yolanda Dullemont, Hein Sprong,and Arnout de Bruin


Vectors as Epidemiological Sentinels: Patterns of Within-TickBorrelia burgdorferi Diversity  

Katharine S. Walter , Giovanna Carpi, Benjamin R. Evans, Adalgisa Caccone, Maria A. Diuk-Wasse 

Published: July 14, 2016 


Ticks infesting domestic dogs in the UK: a large-scale surveillance programme

Swaid AbdullahChris HelpsSeverine TaskerHannah Newbury and Richard Wall 

Parasites & Vectors20169:391 DOI: 10.1186/s13071-016-1673-4 ©  The Author(s). 2016 Received: 23 May 2016 Accepted: 29 June 2016 Published: 7 July 2016


Co-infection of Ticks: The Rule Rather Than the Exception

Claire Valiente Moro ,Elise Vaumourin ,Lorraine Michelet ,Florence Hélène Tran ,Elodie Devillers , Jean-François Cosson ,Patrick Gasqui ,Van Tran Van ,Patrick Mavingui ,Gwenaël Vourc’h ,Muriel Vayssier-Taussat

Published: March 17, 2016
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004539


Lyme borreliosis: a review of data on transmission time after tick attachment

2015 Cook MJ1.


Tick abundances in South London parks and the potential risk for Lyme borreliosis to the general public.

Nelson C, Banks S, Jeffries CL, Walker T, Logan JG.


The ecology of tick-borne diseases

Miriam Pfäffle, Nina Littwin, Senta V. Muders, Trevor N. Petney


Isolation and characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi strains from Ixodes ricinus ticks in the southern England.

Sorouri R, Ramazani A, Karami A, Ranjbar R, Guy EC

Bioimpacts. 2015;5(2):71-8. doi: 10.15171/bi.2015.08. Epub 2015 Apr 4



An Invasive Mammal (the Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis) Commonly Hosts Diverse and Atypical Genotypes of the Zoonotic Pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato.

Millins C, Magierecka A, Gilbert L, Edoff A, Brereton A, Kilbride E, Denwood M, Birtles R, Biek R.Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015 Jul;81(13):4236-45. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00109-15. Epub 2015 Apr 17


First arrived takes all: inhibitory priority effects dominate competition between co-infecting Borrelia burgdorferi strains.

Devevey G, Dang T, Graves CJ, Murray S, Brisson D.
BMC Microbiol. 2015 Mar 7;15:61. doi: 10.1186/s12866-015-0381-0


Transferred interbacterial antagonism genes augment eukaryotic innate immune function.

Chou S, Daugherty MD, Peterson SB, Biboy J, Yang Y, Jutras BL, Fritz-Laylin LK, Ferrin MA, Harding BN, Jacobs-Wagner C, Yang XF, Vollmer W, Malik HS, Mougous JD.
Nature. 2015 Feb 5;518(7537):98-101. doi: 10.1038/nature13965. Epub 2014 Nov24


The Heterogeneity, Distribution, and Environmental Associations of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato, the Agent of Lyme Borreliosis, in Scotland.

James MC, Gilbert L, Bowman AS, Forbes KJ
Front Public Health. 2014 Aug 28;2:129. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00129. eCollection 2014

Lyme borreliosis in southern United Kingdom and a case for a new syndrome, chronic arthropod-borne neuropathy.

Dryden MS, Saeed K, Ogborn S, Swales P
Epidemiol Infect. 2015 Feb;143(3):561-72. doi: 10.1017/S0950268814001071. Epub 2014 May9
Dhingra R, Jimenez V, Chang HH, Gambhir M, Fu JS, Liu Y, Remais JV
ISPRS Int J Geoinf. 2013 Sep 1;2(3):645-664
Mowbray F, Amlôt R, Rubin GJ.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2014 Jun;5(4):392-400. doi: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2014.01.006. Epub 2014 Apr6


Coinfection of tick cell lines has variable effects on replication of intracellular bacterial and viral pathogens.

Moniuszko A, Rückert C, Alberdi MP, Barry G, Stevenson B, Fazakerley JK, Kohl A, Bell-Sakyi L.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2014 Jun;5(4):415-22. doi: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2014.01.010. Epub 2014 Mar 29


Kean IR, Irvine KL.
Inflammopharmacology. 2013 Apr;21(2):101-11. doi: 10.1007/s10787-012-0156-2. Epub 2012 Oct 31. Review
James MC, Bowman AS, Forbes KJ, Lewis F, McLeod JE, Gilbert L.
Parasitology. 2013 Feb;140(2):237-46. doi: 10.1017/S003118201200145X. Epub 2012 Sep 24
Randolph SE, Dobson AD
Parasitology. 2012 Jun;139(7):847-63. doi: 10.1017/S0031182012000200. Epub 2012 Feb 16. Review
Cutler S, Abdissa A, Adamu H, Tolosa T, Gashaw A
Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2012 Feb;3(1):14-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2011.08.004. Epub 2011 Nov 13
Smith FD, Ballantyne R, Morgan ER, Wall R.
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Mar;35(2):163-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2011.12.009. Epub 2012 Jan 16
Margos G, Vollmer SA, Ogden NH, Fish D.
Infect Genet Evol. 2011 Oct;11(7):1545-63. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2011.07.022. Epub 2011 Aug 5. Review
Quine CP, Barnett J, Dobson AD, Marcu A, Marzano M, Moseley D, O’Brien L, Randolph SE, Taylor JL, Uzzell D.
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2011 Jul 12;366(1573):2010-22. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0397
Harrison A, Montgomery WI, Bown KJ.
Parasitology. 2011 Jun;138(7):896-905. doi: 10.1017/S0031182011000400. Epub 2011 Apr 26
Coipan EC, Vladimirescu AF.
Exp Appl Acarol. 2011 Jul;54(3):293-300. doi: 10.1007/s10493-011-9438-4. Epub 2011 Mar24

 Prevalence of Borrelia infection in ticks from wildlife in south-west England

Couper D, Margos G, Kurtenbach K, Turton S
Vet Rec. 2010 Dec 25;167(26):1012-4. doi: 10.1136/vr.c5285. No abstract available


Lyme disease following a dog bite–was there a tick?

Owen D.
BMJ Case Rep. 2011 Aug 17;2011. pii: bcr0220113833. doi: 10.1136/bcr.02.2011.3833

Dillon R, O’Connell S, Wright S


Tick surveillance in Great Britain.

Jameson LJ, Medlock JM.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011 Apr;11(4):403-12. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2010.0079. Epub 2010 Sep 17
Vollmer SA, Bormane A, Dinnis RE, Seelig F, Dobson AD, Aanensen DM, James MC, Donaghy M, Randolph SE, Feil EJ, Kurtenbach K, Margos G.

Environ Microbiol. 2011 Jan;13(1):184-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02319.x. Epub 2010 Aug 16


First report of lyme disease spirochetes in ticks from Romania (Sibiu County).

Coipan EC, Vladimirescu AF.

Exp Appl Acarol. 2010 Oct;52(2):193-7. doi: 10.1007/s10493-010-9353-0. Epub 2010 Mar 16


Klaus Kurtenbach–a tribute to his life.

Margos G, Fish D.
Gilbert L.

Oecologia. 2010 Jan;162(1):217-25. doi: 10.1007/s00442-009-1430-x. Epub 2009 Aug 15


Self-limiting fourth and sixth cranial nerve palsy after Lyme disease.

Sharma V, Biswas S.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2010 Mar-Apr;47(2):114-6. doi: 10.3928/01913913-20090616-17


A new Borrelia species defined by multilocus sequence analysis of housekeeping genes.

Margos G, Vollmer SA, Cornet M, Garnier M, Fingerle V, Wilske B, Bormane A, Vitorino L, Collares-Pereira M, Drancourt M, Kurtenbach K.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009 Aug;75(16):5410-6. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00116-09. Epub 2009 Jun 19


Tick-borne disease systems emerge from the shadows: the beauty lies in molecular detail, the message in epidemiology.

Randolph SE.

Parasitology. 2009 Oct;136(12):1403-13. doi: 10.1017/S0031182009005782. Epub 2009 Apr 14. Review


Recognition and management of common ectoparasitic diseases in travelers.

Davis RF, Johnston GA, Sladden MJ.

Am J Clin Dermatol. 2009;10(1):1-8. doi: 10.2165/0128071-200910010-00001. Review


Tick-borne encephalitis virus, ticks and humans: short-term and long-term dynamics.

Randolph SE.

Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2008 Oct;21(5):462-7. doi: 10.1097/QCO.0b013e32830ce74b. Review


Ticks (Ixodes ricinus).

Thompson C.

J Vis Commun Med. 2008 Mar;31(1):22-3. doi: 10.1080/17453050802064510. No abstract available


MLST of housekeeping genes captures geographic population structure and suggests a European origin of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Margos G, Gatewood AG, Aanensen DM, Hanincová K, Terekhova D, Vollmer SA, Cornet M, Piesman J, Donaghy M, Bormane A, Hurn MA, Feil EJ, Fish D, Casjens S, Wormser GP, Schwartz I, Kurtenbach K.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Jun 24;105(25):8730-5. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0800323105. Epub 2008 Jun 23


Analysis of the distribution of the tick Ixodes ricinus L. (Acari: Ixodidae) in a nature reserve of western Germany using Geographic Information Systems.

Schwarz A, Maier WA, Kistemann T, Kampen H.

Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2009 Jan;212(1):87-96. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2007.12.001. Epub 2008 Feb 11


Fundamental processes in the evolutionary ecology of Lyme borreliosis.

Kurtenbach K, Hanincová K, Tsao JI, Margos G, Fish D, Ogden NH.

Nat Rev Microbiol. 2006 Sep;4(9):660-9. Epub 2006 Aug 7. Review


Is Lyme disease always poly microbial?–The jigsaw hypothesis.

Cordes FS, Kraiczy P, Roversi P, Simon MM, Brade V, Jahraus O, Wallis R, Goodstadt L, Ponting CP, Skerka C, Zipfel PF, Wallich R, Lea SM.
Ogden NH, Maarouf A, Barker IK, Bigras-Poulin M, Lindsay LR, Morshed MG, O’callaghan CJ, Ramay F, Waltner-Toews D, Charron DF.

Int J Parasitol. 2006 Jan;36(1):63-70. Epub 2005 Oct 5


A novel fold for the factor H-binding protein BbCRASP-1 of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Cordes FS, Roversi P, Kraiczy P, Simon MM, Brade V, Jahraus O, Wallis R, Skerka C, Zipfel PF, Wallich R, Lea SM.
Hannier S, Liversidge J, Sternberg JM, Bowman AS.
Randolph SE.
Etti S, Hails R, Schäfer SM, De Michelis S, Sewell HS, Bormane A, Donaghy M, Kurtenbach K.
Subak S.

Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Mar 15;157(6):531-8


Association of Borrelia afzelii with rodents in Europe.

Hanincová K, Schäfer SM, Etti S, Sewell HS, Taragelová V, Ziak D, Labuda M, Kurtenbach K.
Kurtenbach K, Schäfer SM, Sewell HS, Peacey M, Hoodless A, Nuttall PA, Randolph SE.
Kurtenbach K, De Michelis S, Sewell HS, Etti S, Schäfer SM, Holmes E, Hails R, Collares-Pereira M, Santos-Reis M, Hanincová K, Labuda M, Bormane A, Donaghy M.
Mrázek V, Bartůnĕk P, Varejka P, Janovská D, Bína R, Hulínská D.

Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol. 2002 Feb;51(1):19-22. Czech


Arthropod-transmitted infectious diseases of cats.

Shaw SE, Birtles RJ, Day MJ.

J Feline Med Surg. 2001 Dec;3(4):193-209. Review. No abstract available


Host association of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato–the key role of host complement.

Kurtenbach K, De Michelis S, Etti S, Schäfer SM, Sewell HS, Brade V, Kraiczy P.
Kurtenbach K, De Michelis S, Sewell HS, Etti S, Schäfer SM, Hails R, Collares-Pereira M, Santos-Reis M, Haninçová K, Labuda M, Bormane A, Donaghy M.
Randolph SE.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2001 Jul 29;356(1411):1045-56. Review


Tick bite and Lyme borreliosis risk at a recreational site in England.

Robertson JN, Gray JS, Stewart P.

Eur J Epidemiol. 2000;16(7):647-52


Vector-host interactions in disease transmission.

Nuttall PA, Paesen GC, Lawrie CH, Wang H.

J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2000 Oct;2(4):381-6. Review


Environmental information systems for the control of arthropod vectors of disease.

Thomson MC, Connor SJ.
Ling CL, Joss AW, Davidson MM, Ho-Yen DO.
Randolph SE, Storey K.

J Med Entomol. 1999 Nov;36(6):741-8


Determination of members of a Borrelia afzelii-related group isolated from Ixodes nipponensis in Korea as Borrelia valaisiana.

Masuzawa T, Fukui T, Miyake M, Oh HB, Cho MK, Chang WH, Imai Y, Yanagihara Y.
Guy E, Tasker S, Joynson DH.
Thomas DR, Sillis M, Coleman TJ, Kench SM, Ogden NH, Salmon RL, Morgan-Capner P, Softley P, Meadows D.
Ogden NH, Kurtenbach K, Nuttall PA.

Exp Appl Acarol. 1998 Jun;22(6):367-72


Epidemiology of European Lyme borreliosis.

O’Connell S, Granström M, Gray JS, Stanek G.
Kurtenbach K, Peacey M, Rijpkema SG, Hoodless AN, Nuttall PA, Randolph SE.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 1998 Apr;64(4):1169-74


Natural Lyme disease cycles maintained via sheep by co-feeding ticks.

Craine NG, Nuttall PA, Marriott AC, Randolph SE.

Folia Parasitol (Praha). 1997;44(2):155-60


Epidemiological surveillance for detecting typical Lyme disease.

Kurtenbach K, Kampen H, Dizij A, Arndt S, Seitz HM, Schaible UE, Simon MM.
Rees DH, O’Connell S, Brown MM, Robertson J, Axford JS.

Br J Rheumatol. 1995 Feb;34(2):132-6


Ticks and Lyme disease.

Bennett CE.
Rees DH, Axford JS.
O’Connell S.

J Med Microbiol. 1994 Feb;40(2):77-8. No abstract available


Analysis of intra-specific variation in the fatty acid profiles of Borrelia burgdorferi.

Livesley MA, Thompson IP, Gern L, Nuttall PA.

J Gen Microbiol. 1993 Sep;139(9):2197-201


Lyme disease: a review.

O’Connell S.
Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev. 1993 Jul 16;3(8):R111-5. Review.